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High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a leading cause of stroke and the most significant controllable risk factor. So know your numbers and keep them low. Manage HBP.

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If you have Type 1 or 2 diabetes, control your blood sugar. Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for stroke. Many people with diabetes also have high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and are overweight — increasing their risk even more. While diabetes is treatable, the presence of the disease still increases your risk of stroke. Learn how to lower risks with diabetes and pre-diabetes. Statistics on diabetes and cardiovascular risks.

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Physical inactivity can increase your risk of stroke, heart disease, overweight/obesity, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and diabetes. Aim for being active at least 150 minutes a week, but if you don’t want to sweat the numbers, just move more and sit less. Learn more about the new American Heart Association Physical Activity recommendations. 

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Large amounts of cholesterol in the blood can build up and cause blood clots — leading to a stroke. Also, it appears that low HDL ("good”) cholesterol is a risk factor for stroke in men, but more data is needed to verify if this is true for women as well. Take control of your cholesterol.

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Peripheral artery disease, or PAD, is the narrowing of blood vessels carrying blood to leg and arm muscles. It's caused by fatty buildup of plaque in artery walls. People with PAD have a higher risk of carotid artery disease, which raises their risk of stroke.

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People who have coronary heart disease or heart failure are at higher risk of stroke than people who have healthy hearts. Dilated cardiomyopathy (an enlarged heart), 静安区闸北中心医院heart valve disease and some types of congenital heart defects can also raise the risk of stroke. So work with your health care provider to manage these related conditions.

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Take the Stroke Risk Quiz now. If you scored high for risk factors or are unsure of your risk score, talk with your health care provider about how you can reduce your risk.


Blood Pressure Monitor

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Nearly half of American adults have high blood pressure, or hypertension. Work with your doctor to keep your blood pressure in a healthy range (under 120/80).